Plutarch And Ancient Radical Feminism On Steroids
What Was Plutarch’s Message?
Plutarch was a Greek historian, and amongst his many publications, he wrote about the life of Theseus around 75 A.D. Part of the story includes the description of a war between a female warrior society near the Euxine Sea (the Black Sea) and the Athenians. Essentially, Plutarch was describing an ancient radical feminist society so powerful it could field an all-female army to wage war on an all-male Athenian army which would be a great theme for a Hollywood movie. I can imagine such a movie with scenes of female Amazonian warriors slaughtering male Athenian warriors while man-hater radical feminists in the audience jump for joy as each sword is thrust into a man’s body. Modern day radical feminists are a bunch of wimps compared to the ancient radical feminists on steroids who built a social structure where females had supreme power and had no qualms about going to war with male-dominated societies. This ancient radical feminist theme of female warrior societies is common in the ancient world, but what was the message of these ancient historians like Homer, Herodotus, Plutarch and others when they felt it was necessary to include in their writings accounts of ancient man-hater radical feminist societies that were ideologically similar to modern day radical feminism ? On the surface, their message was that warrior women existed, they killed men, and they were sexually promiscuous (which modern feminists promote today).
Did ancient warrior women exist? You could write several books on the subject of ancient warrior women. Here, I will just mention that supporting evidence is found in excavations of Scythian kurgans (burial mounds) where the archaeological finds include the remains of tattooted warrior women, ancient statues of warrior women in Athens, and of course, the ancient writings of not only Greeks, but others. The point is this. Forget about the archaelogical evidence and focus on the message of the ancient writings themselves. What is important is that these highly intelligent ancient writers had a purpose in writing about ancient feminists. Whenever any author writes about a particular topic or topics, they include in their writings what they believe to be important because their writings have a purpose or message. They wouldn’t write just to put ink on paper. My belief is that these ancient writers wrote what they wrote for many reasons one of which was that their main audience were other like-minded men who wanted a confirmation of the dangers to men of what we now call feminist ideology. In other words, there was a warning to other men in these ancient writings about living under the rule of women. In ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman writings you will find stories describing paternity fraud, Parental Alienation Syndrome, hypergamy, misandry, male disposibility, and other men’s rights issues. Ancient writers obviously wanted other men to read about such things. To avoid a lengthy article, let’s just briefly look at what two ancient writers, Plutarch and Herodotus, have to say about ancient radical feminists.
Artifacts from warrior woman’s burial – bronze arrowheads, gold foil covered spirl earrings, jet biconical beads, a deliberately broken bronze mirror fragment, and iron knife, a spindlewhorl and loom weight (lower left), and two fired clay objects (lower right). 1994 Excavations – The Center for the Study of the Eurasian Nomads (CSEN)
Herodotus (484 – 425 BC), located the Amazonian capital as Themiscyra (it’s location has been found), a fortified city on the banks of the Thermodon River near the coast of the Black Sea. He refers to these warrior women as an isolated group of Sauromatians who according to history were part of a larger group of peoples that eventually pushed the Scythians westward out of their territory. According to Herodotus, the Scythians called the Sauromatian women of Themiscyra by the Scythian word, Oior-Pata, which translates into the English term “man killers or man slayers.” The Scythians developed an extensive trade relationship with the Athenian Empire and provided slaves and important food crops to the Greeks. Some of the common beliefs about these warrior women around the time of Herodotus was that they hated men (misandry), killed male babies and lopped off one of their breasts in order to shoot their bows and arrows more efficiently. They also prohibited the women they ruled from marriage and having children until they had killed a man in battle. Herodotus tells us that a lot of women in Sauromatian society grew old without having children because of this law. Imagine such a radical feminist society where the killing of men was institutionalized by prohibiting getting married or pregnant until you killed a man in battle! Herodotus also refers to the Sauromatian women as Amazons. It is also interesting to note that he also mentions a battle between female warriors against an the all-male Athenian military at the Battle of Thermodon where the men were victorious over the ancient feminists.
In the story of Theseus, Plutarch tells us that Theseus started his encounter with the Amazons on the coast of the Euxine Sea (Black Sea) where he made off with an Amazon named Antiope. This started a war between the Amazons and the Athenians where the female Amazonian army attacked the male Greek military. Some of the characteristics Plutarch mentions about the Amazons are revealing. In the first quote below, the sexual promiscuity of the Amazons is apparent when Plutarch writes, “for the Amazons, he says, being naturally lovers of men” points to the fact that as a man-hater society that institutionalized the killing of men, the Amazons didn’t cherish men, but were lovers of having sex with men. In the second quote below, the reference to the fact that at one point, “the Athenians were routed, and gave way before the women, as far as to the temple of the Furies,” is a testament to the deadly fighting skills of the ancient radical feminists. It is also interesting to note that both Herodotus and Plutarch mention the River Thermodon (Plutarch calls it a rivulet). The River Thermodon is near the Amazonian capital of Themiscyra, so it appears that the region in and around the River Thermodon was a homeland of the ancient radical feminists. Plutarch also mentions that some Amazons were, ”buried near the little rivulet formerly called Thermodon.” This means that their bodies were transported a long distance just to be buried. Due to the long distance, maybe only the high-ranking Amazonians were transported back to the homeland of the Amazons on the Black Sea. Interestingly, the Scythians were culturally related to the Sauromatians who also built kurgans (burial mounds) for their dead and warrior women. Warrior women artifacts have been found in some Sauromatian kurgans. Remember that Herodotus says that the Sauromatian capital was Themiscyra near the river Thermodon where Plutarch says the Amazonians brought their dead to be buried.
Quotes From The Story About Theseus
1. “Concerning his voyage into the Euxine Sea, Philochorus and some others write that he made it with Hercules, offering him his service in the war against the Amazons, and had Antiope given him for the reward of his valour; but the greater number, of whom are Pherecydes, Hellanicus, and Herodorus, write that he made this voyage many years after Hercules, with a navy under his own command, and took the Amazon prisoner- the more probable story, for we do not read that any other, of all those that accompanied him in this action, took any Amazon prisoner. Bion adds, that, to take her, he had to use deceit and fly away; for the Amazons, he says, being naturally lovers of men, were so far from avoiding Theseus when he touched upon their coasts, that they sent him presents to his ship; but he, having invited Antiope, who brought them, to come aboard, immediately set sail and carried her away.”
2. “This was the origin and cause of the Amazonian invasion of Attica, which would seem to have been no slight or womanish enterprise. For it is impossible that they should have placed their camp in the very city, and joined battle close by the Pnyx and the hill called Museum, unless, having first conquered the country around about, they had thus with impunity advanced to the city. That they made so long a journey by land, and passed the Cimmerian Bosphorus, when frozen, as Hellanicus writes, is difficult to be believed. That they encamped all but in the city is certain, and may be sufficiently confirmed by the names that the places hereabout yet retain, and the graves and monuments of those that fell in the battle. Both armies being in sight, there was a long pause and doubt on each side which should give the first onset; at last Theseus, having sacrificed to Fear, in obedience to the command of an oracle he had received, gave them battle; and this happened in the month of Boedromion, in which to this very day the Athenians celebrate the Feast Boedromia. Clidemus, desirous to be very circumstantial, writes that the left wing of the Amazons moved towards the place which is yet called Amazonium and the right towards the Pnyx, near Chrysa, that with this wing the Athenians, issuing from behind the Museum, engaged, and that the graves of those that were slain are to be seen in the street that leads to the gate called the Piraic, by the chapel of the hero Chalcodon; and that here the Athenians were routed, and gave way before the women, as far as to the temple of the Furies, but, fresh supplies coming in from the Palladium, Ardettus, and the Lyceum, they charged their right wing, and beat them back into their tents, in which action a great number of the Amazons were slain. At length, after four months, a peace was concluded between them by the mediation of Hippolyta (for so this historian calls the Amazon whom Theseus married, and not Antiope), though others write that she was slain with a dart by Molpadia, while fighting by Theseus’s side, and that the pillar which stands by the temple of Olympian Earth was erected to her honour. Nor is it to be wondered at, that in events of such antiquity, history should be in disorder. For indeed we are also told that those of the Amazons that were wounded were privately sent away by Antiope to Chalcis, where many by her care recovered, but some that died were buried there in the place that is to this time called Amazonium. That this war, however, was ended by a treaty is evident, both from the name of the place adjoining to the temple of Theseus, called, from the solemn oath there taken, Horcomosium; and also from the ancient sacrifice which used to be celebrated to the Amazons the day before the Feast of Theseus. The Megarians also show a spot in their city where some Amazons were buried, on the way from the market to a place called Rhus, where the building in the shape of a lozenge stands. It is said, likewise, that others of them were slain near Chaeronea, and buried near the little rivulet formerly called Thermodon, but now Haemon, of which an account is given in the life of Demosthenes. It appears further that the passage of the Amazons through Thessaly was not without opposition, for there are yet shown many tombs of them near Scotussa and Cynoscephalae.”
Ancient Male Reactions To Gynocentrism
Somewhere back in time, the ideas about ancient radical feminist societies such as the Sauromatae or Amazons arose in the consciousness of men, and motivated male writers and philosophers in ancient societies to react to the cultural pressures of such gynocentrism-focused cultures. They reacted by writing about them knowing that other literate men of their time would read about it and spread the word about the dangers of such anti-male societies, and by structuring their societies to discourage Amazonian culture. The Greeks discouraged Amazonian/radical feminist culture by reinforcing certain androcentric ideas about the role of women in Greek culture. A good example of this is the story of Odysseus who is the hero of Homer’s epic poem the Odyssey. On the way back home to Ithaca from the Trojan War, Odysseus incurs Poseidon’s wrath and is forced to wander for twenty years. He has many adventures during his wanderings, and while he is away from home, his wife Penelope exemplifies the role of Greek women. Penelope remained the virtuous, faithful wife to her husband Odysseus and tends to hearth and home while her husband is wandering. In the Iliad, Penelope is portraying how the role of a Greek woman should be very different than the role of an Amazon warrior. She was not a lover of men, she loved only one man. Another example of how male Greek culture viewed women can be found in the concept of Athena, the patron goddess of Athens. Athena was the daughter of Zeus, and she was also referred to as Athena Parthenos which means Athena the Virgin (or Athena the Maiden if you want to sound more academic). During the hundreds of years that she was the patron goddess of Athens, she remained a virgin, she never married, and she never had a lover. Athena represents the role that Greek women should admire and a role that Greek men can respect. No, I’m not saying that Western Civilization arose only as a reaction to some misandrous society that oppressed men sometime in the distant past, but I am pointing to the idea that maybe some of the androcentric ideas of ancient men arose as a reaction to ancient Amazonian Culture.
Finally, observing the modern-day male’s reactions to contemporary gynocentrism is very interesting. Reactionary male lifestyles/ideologies such as Neomasculinity and MGTOW, the Internet connecting the Manosphere, and the different conceptual divisions within the Men’s Human Rights Movement are constantly evolving. In spite of how difficult the misandry might seem now, at least we aren’t confronting a misandrous ancient Amazonian society on steroids fielding an army to attack us, kill us or capture us to be a male slave in a city like Themiscyra, capital of the Sauromatae.